NOTE – PLEASE READ OUR INTERNATIONAL YOUTH DAY BLOG 2016
This blog highlights what was going on a year ago for our Youth.
So has anything really changed?
Are those statistics on the rise?
Have we nailed it when it comes to our Youth?
Have our Youth become the most connected generation?
Have we changed anything if we are being honest?
Have we as adults taken more Responsibility towards our Youth?
Have we communicated more with the Youth in our lives?
Have we addressed some of the Youth issues in our community?
What has the past year told us about the state of our Youth?
What has been going on globally for all of our Youth?
Are we any closer about what on earth is going on for our Youth today?
The word ‘Youth’ is a very ancient word in English, going back to the ancient Germanic tribes of which the Anglo-Saxons were just one. It is directly related to the German word Jugend ‘youth’ and also to the word young.
William Foley – Professor of Linguistics, University of Sydney, Australia
Defining young adulthood there is a debate regarding terminology and associated age ranges.
Dr Nathan Hughes defined adolescence as the period between the ages of 10 and 24. (1)
According to the United Nations website, the UN Secretariat uses the term Youth to mean age 15 – 24 with the understanding that member states and other entities use different definitions. (2)
For the purpose of this blog, we will use Youth to mean age 10 – 24.
We have another International Youth Day and the theme for 2017 is Youth Building Peace.
United Nations International Youth Day quote on their website that there is a growing recognition that as agents of change, young people are critical actors in conflict prevention and sustaining peace. This day is dedicated to celebrating young people’s contributions to conflict prevention and transformation as well as inclusion, social justice and sustainable peace.
The current generation of Youth are the largest in history and young people often comprise the majority in countries marked by armed conflict or unrest, therefore considering the needs and aspirations of youth in matters of peace and security is a demographic imperative. (3)
In 1999, in its resolution 54/120, the General Assembly endorsed the recommendation made by the World Conference of Ministers Responsible for Youth that 12 August be declared International Youth Day. The Focal Point on Youth selects a theme for the day often with input from Youth organisations and members of the UN Inter-Agency Network in Youth development.
The Programme encourages Youth around the world to organise activities to raise awareness about the situation of Youth in their country. (4)
2000 First Observance of International Youth Day
2001 Addressing Health and Unemployment
2002 Now and for the Future: Youth Action for Sustainable Development
2003 Finding Decent and Productive Work for Young People Everywhere
2004 Youth in an Intergenerational Society
2005 WPAY + 10: Making Commitments Matter
2006 Tackling Poverty Together
2007 Be Seen, Be Heard: Youth Participation for Development
2008 Youth and Climate Change: Time for Action
2009 Sustainability: Our Challenge. Our Future
2010 Dialogue and Mutual Understanding
2011 Change Our World
2012 Building a Better World: Partnering with Youth
2013 Youth Migration: Moving Development Forward
2014 Mental Health Matters
2015 Youth Civic Engagement
2016 Road to 2030: Eradicating Poverty and Achieving Sustainability
2017 Youth Building Peace
So what has happened since our first observance 18 years ago?
What have we addressed in Youth Health and Unemployment?
What action have we taken globally for our Youth?
What have we done in terms of decent and productive work for young people?
Does anyone know what an Intergenerational Society is?
Do we all know and understand what WPAY + 10 means?
How has our world dealt with tackling youth poverty in the past 11 years?
Have we allowed our Youth to truly be seen and heard?
How have our Youth taken action about climate change?
Can we honestly say our Youth have had positive sustainability?
How has the dialogue of our Youth been in the past 7 years?
How have our Youth changed the world and is this something to celebrate?
How have we partnered with our Youth and built a better world?
Can we say that we have truly been moving Youth forward?
What is this blog saying about the mental health of our Youth?
Does anyone on the street know what Youth civic engagement actually means?
Our Youth blog 2016 talks about the Road to 2030 theme so no more here.
This year we have Youth Building Peace.
On that note – could it be possible that we cannot build peace if we have an internal war going on inside us?
Could it be possible that there is a constant state of unrest with our Youth of today?
Could it be possible after reading this blog that our Youth are not able to build peace?
Could it be possible that words used to create International day themes are easy but to live them are not so easy?
In other words, we can all jump on the bandwagon and champion whatever is out there but to then take it back to our everyday life and make those changes is not so easy as it requires the word RESPONSIBILITY at the core of every choice, if we want to see real change.
Do we need to take note that our current generation of Youth are the largest in history?
Does this mean then that we have the largest population of future adults coming through?
What will our world be like with the largest population of adults based on the Youth today?
On that note – here are some highlights or we could call them headlines from news stories across the globe about the situation of our Youth which this blog can bring to raise awareness.
1 in 5 children miss food or sleep.
41% aged 11 – 19 said they had seen something on the Internet that had upset or worried them.
46% teachers say that pupils are distracted in class because of mobile telephones. (5)
Teenage hackers sent to rehab to put their skills to good use in fight against cyber-crime. (6)
62% adolescent patients seen in inappropriate settings.
Survey conducted by the Royal College of Psychiatrists in 2015 of Child and Adolescent mental health workers
14% mental health workers say patients attempted to kill themselves while waiting for suitable bed. (7)
The Case of X
X is a 17 year old girl in the care of the local authority currently held in custody and due for release but a secure unit has not been found.
Secure unit needed as X tried to kill herself several times.
X described as having a “determined wish” to kill herself.
Lives in a stripped room and is restrained for “hours on end”.
Staff have to check on her every 50 seconds when she is in the shower.
Staff do not think it will take more than 24 to 48 hours before they receive a phone call stating that X has made a successful attempt on her life, Court Judgement says. (7)
Suicides by young people peak in exam season, report finds.
Pressure to get good results is harming their mental health. (8)
Suicide is the leading cause of death in young people in England and Wales. (9)
More than third of teenage girls in England suffer depression and anxiety.
37% reported feeling unhappy, worthless or unable to concentrate.
52% increase in under 16 admissions to hospital for self-harm.
Marjorie Wallace, Chief Executive – Sane Mental Health Charity (10)
800,000 children suffering mental health problems – watchdog report.
46,000 young people aged 10 – 18 are members of street gangs.
1,200 children every year are newly identified as victims of modern slavery.
Children’s Commissioner for England report 2017 (11)
We can trace in minute detail the academic progress of a child from age 4 to 18 and beyond, but when it comes to describing and assessing the scale of negative factors in a child’s life, which will hamper their progress, we are floundering.
Anne Longfield – Children’s Commissioner for England (11)
12% rise in number of under 18’s on antidepressants in England.
166,000 given antidepressant medications between April 2015 and June 2016.
537 aged six or under.
Experts fear some children and young people are prescribed drugs because they face long waiting lists for psychotherapy on the NHS. (12)
8-9 year olds seeing GP’s worried about how they are looking.
Talking to parents and not wanting to eat because food is fattening. (13)
Vagina surgery “sought by girls as young as nine’ because of pornography’.
GPs referring young girls for unneeded labiaplasty – an operation where the lips of the vagina are shortened or reshaped. (14)
1 in 4 teenagers now obese by the age of 15. (15)
Fidget spinners that can puncture the skin have been discovered for sale in UK.
The spinners originally designed to help children with conditions such as autism deal with stress, have now become a playground craze. (16)
Ages 5 to 15 are spending average 15 hours a week using Internet.
12 to 15 year olds online for over 20 hours a week.
37% 3 to 4 year olds rising to 87% of 12 to 15 year olds watch YouTube. (17)
A new study from the National Institutes of Health shows that young people experiencing first episode psychosis have a much higher death rate than previously thought.
This study is a wake-up call telling us that young people experiencing psychosis need intensive, integrated clinical and psychosocial supports.
Michael Schoenbaum, Ph.D., Senior Advisor for Mental Health Services, Epidemiology and Economics at National Institute of Health (18)
Chronic Depression in Young Teens tied to Marijuana use later.
3,000,000 young people aged 12 – 17 experienced at least one major depressive episode.
National estimates for 2015 (19)
Depression rates for teen girls spikes in an age of cyber bullying.
Depression is a sizable and growing deadly threat to U.S. adolescent population.
Anne Glowinski and Giuseppe D’Amelio – Washington University in St. Louis (20)
Digital abuse and sexting affect young people from all walks of life. (21)
4,300 young people aged 10 to 24 were victims of homicide.
3rd largest leading cause of death for young people is homicide.
86% homicide victims were killed with a firearm in 2014.
501,581 young people aged 10 to 24 were treated in emergency departments for injuries sustained from physical assaults in 2014.
10.2% of all violent crime arrests were juveniles (under 18s) in 2015.
605 juveniles arrested for murder.
2,745 for forcible rape.
21,993 for aggravated assault.
31 homicides of Youth aged 5 to 18 years, occurred at school during the school year 2012-2013.
20.2% reported being bullied on school property.
15.5% reported being bullied electronically by –
21.7% – prevalence higher among females
2015 nationally-representative sample of Youth in grades 9-12
above reported in 12 months preceding the survey. (22)
Drug addiction and abuse among Canadian teens is on the rise.
Teenagers are committing suicide in large numbers when under the influence of drugs.
Drug overdose among teens is also causing them to suffer from seriousness diseases.
60% of the drug users are aged 16 – 24.
Health problems associated with drug abuse that teens undergo include:
Short term memory loss
Hypoxia (oxygen deficiency)
Panic attacks (23)
Drug Abuse among Teenagers
2013 – High School students in senior years used marijuana more than they smoked cigarettes.
Majority of teenagers in Canada do not consider marijuana to be harmful and of any serious danger to health.
60% teenagers who are victims of drug abuse get their drugs from friends or relatives.
Majority of teenagers believe that trying out heroin or cocaine once or twice is not harmful for their body, mind or behaviour.
Teenagers using drugs are more likely to drop out of school, hence causing social problems.
These dropouts later become heavy drug users and affect their whole lives with the use of substances that give them nothing more than some seconds of pleasure. (23)
Salvador – the city where children fend for themselves on the streets. (24)
40% of youths under age 18 worry about receiving hostile or demeaning texts and emails. (25)
Cyber bullying – girls are the majority of online bullies in Perth.
Doctoring images to belittle class mates aged 11 – is latest trend among cyber bullies. (26)
Children aged 15 allowed to smoke on lunch break at school. (27)
Child Rape Holidays
JK entertainment industry (female high school students) sells access to girls through a range of services that include the chance to smell or tickle a school girl and increasingly, prostitution. (28)
Bullying video on Live Leak show three boys beating a smaller one and larger boy peeing on him.
Girl beaten by a gang of girl bullies, while other students watch.
Two girls beaten by girl bullies who try strip off their clothes. (29)
1 in 5 students dependent on smartphones. (30)
76% experienced cyber bullying or seen it happen. (31)
Over 66% of parents allow their children Internet access before aged 11, despite having numerous concerns. (32)
Pakistani Trolls use Facebook to attack young students. (33)
3 in 5 bullied adolescents consider ending their own lives.
6.9% of all Columbian adolescents have attempted suicide. (34)
Is there more that needs to change?
Is our world in trouble if the Youth of today are going to be our future?
Do we need to get a dose of reality and get honest for starters?
How is our world going to cope with what is coming ahead?
Are we prepared and are we on the front foot when it comes to our Youth?
Are we comfortable with the choices the Youth of today are generally making?
Are we back peddling in anyway and not dealing first hand with what is being presented by our Youth of today?
Are we all failing in the common sense department when it comes to dealing with our Youth?
Are we busy finding solutions after the event?
In other words, we get the latest problem with our Youth, then we go to science and research to test what we know is already going on and then we go into re-action and do something by way of solution.
WHY are our Youth fighting on our streets under our noses?
WHY are there more Youth going to Youth Offender Institutions?
WHY is there more gun crime amongst our Youth?
WHY are more and more Youth joining gangs as a way of living?
WHY are the police being trained for mental health with our Youth?
WHY are our Youth needing to smoke at such a young age?
WHY are our Youth self-harming and why is this not on front page news?
WHY are our Youth having Eating Disorders?
WHY are our Youth ok living on fast foods and takeaway?
WHY are our Youth eating in excess to fill a void in their lives?
WHY are our Youth having body image issues?
WHY are our Youth turning to distractions to get through life?
WHY are our Youth watching porn in the first place?
WHY are our Youth addicted to Social Media?
WHY are our Youth feeling it is ok to cyber bully their mates?
WHY are our Youth wanting to have a celebrity way of life?
WHY are our Youth fixated on what others think of them?
WHY are our Youth tempted by glamour lifestyles with big money?
WHY are our Youth struggling with real life communication?
WHY are our Youth doing sexting and getting away with it?
WHY are our Youth asking for body piercing?
WHY are our Youth desperate for the next tattoo?
WHY are our Youth secretly doing things that are harming them?
WHY are our Youth not bothering to look after their true health?
WHY are our Youth not educated about the word RESPONSIBILITY?
WHY are our Youth seeking real role models but not finding them?
WHY are we as parents, guardians, adults and elders in the community not supporting our Youth with simple communication?
WHY do we hold back when it comes to giving proper advice and discipline to our Youth?
WHY are we so afraid of our Youth of today that we don’t bother to express what we feel?
WHY do most elders in the community not come forward with the lived wisdom they know would benefit our Youth?
WHY are we so busy coming up with ways to function and keep going and deny what is really going on, when it comes to our Youth?
WHY are we losing the good old fashioned stuff of sitting around the table and talking about anything and everything?
WHY are we not interested in finding out more about the behaviour of our Youth today?
WHY are we so exhausted when it comes to our Youth and we just want them to grow up?
WHY are we overwhelmed and feeling helpless and hopeless when it comes to our Youth?
WHY do we have a weak spot when it comes to real discipline for our Youth?
WHY are we so busy making excuses and blaming the world when it comes to our Youth?
WHY are so many of us really not able to make our Youth a Priority in life?
WHY do we contemplate fobbing our Youth off to others like it ain’t our problem?
WHY are we not talking and demanding answers about our Youth and Mental Health?
WHY is it not of great concern to all of us when any of our Youth consider Suicide?
WHY are most of us simply sitting on the fence and doing nothing instead of Doing Something?
Tomatoes grow underground and pasta comes from animals according to UK school children and teenagers. (35)
64% aged 14 – 16 use the Internet as a reliable source for healthy eating.
This survey also states that teenagers think strawberry jam is healthy eating.
Schools and families can and should successfully work together to, in turn, educate children and then motivate them in their endeavours to make healthier choices…
Roy Ballam, Managing Director and Head of Education – British Nutrition Foundation (35)
What age do we need to start educating our children?
Could it be possible that children are less likely to be motivated if they can feel the person ‘educating’ them is not choosing healthy food options consistently in their own life?
Could it be possible that our teenagers are using the Internet as their main source of information on healthy eating because they are not convinced that those around are living healthy?
WHY are we not feeding our kids the food we know will support them?
Could it be possible that families are exhausted and healthy food choices are not high on the priority list every single day?
Could it be possible that our teenagers don’t want to know that strawberry jam, which is full of sugar is actually not a healthy choice?
Could it be possible that parents need education and real life role models to teach them about why eating healthy foods can make a big difference to the human body?
Could it be possible that motivation is not needed, but true inspiration is and that means living in a way that others can feel is possible and this will then inspire them to be the same?
Could it be possible that we need to take education one step further and look at all our daily choices as part of our true health and not just food?
For example, looking at our sleep in detail and making this as important as food?
The Good Childhood Report 2016
Analysis of different types of mental health issues and different domains of well-being reveals that as girls get older, they are more likely than boys to be unhappy with their appearance and life as a whole and are more likely to experience emotional health problems such as anxiety and depression. (36)
Zero Hour Contracts
Young people on zero-hour contracts were 1.5 times more likely to report having a mental health problem compared with someone on a more secure employment contract.
One likely cause was financial stress or anxiety associated with having a low-status job.
Dr. Morag Henderson – Lead Author, study conducted by the UCL Institute of Education (37)
27 July 2017 – new report from Institute for Public Policy Research (IPPR) and Business in the Community found younger workers in unstable work – or who are underemployed and/or overqualified:
22% younger graduates in jobs for which they are overqualified for report being anxious or depressed.
29% more likely to experience poorer mental health and wellbeing. (38)
Global Rise in Youth Unemployment
2016 – The International Labour Organization’s World Employment and Social Outlook, Trends for Youth report shows that as a result, the global number of unemployed Youth was set to rise by 500,000 reaching 71 million – the first such increase in 3 years. (39)
Exam Stress ‘Among Teen Suicide Causes’
Exam pressures and physical health problems, like acne are major contributory factors in the suicides of young people, according to research.
Experts at University of Manchester also found bullying and family bereavement were linked to suicides.
Office for National Statistics figures, suggested student suicides have risen to their highest level since at least 2007.
Pressure on young people is increasing. Peer pressure – from family, teachers and friends – has always been there, but it does seem to be increasing…the need to be popular, liked and happy is fairly universal and it is unrealistic.
Ged Flynn – Chief Executive, Papyrus Anti-Suicide Charity (40)
School Exclusions: Record Numbers for Drugs and Alcohol
9,250 permanent and fixed period exclusions for drugs and alcohol handed out by schools.
2,140 exclusions issued to pupils for sexual misconduct.
50,000 exclusions handed out to children in Yorkshire and Humber for variety of reasons.
Number of drug and alcohol exclusions highest rate since 2010. (41)
66% adult prison population at some point excluded from school.
Report from the Institute of Public Policy Research (41)
50% pupils expelled from England’s schools have mental health issue. (42)
If excluded students with undiagnosed problems were included, the rate would be much higher.
Number of fixed term and permanent exclusions is rising.
346,000 permanent and fixed-term exclusions at state funded schools in 2014-15.
Highest number since 2009.
More students becoming disengaged from school, which leads to behaviour and mental health problems.
Kevin Courtney – General Secretary, National Union of Teachers (42)
Binge Drinking and Teen Brains
Brains of young binge drinkers were thinner in areas associated with important processes like memory, attention and awareness.
Adolescents who binge drink experience changes in the brain that could make it more difficult to pay attention in class, learn new words or remember information for tests.
Anita Cservenka – Assistant Professor, Oregon State University (43)
Teenagers who binge drink more likely to have lasting, irreversible consequences on their brains.
Girls engaging in heavy drinking during adolescence perform more poorly on tests of spatial functioning, which links to mathematics, engineering kinds of functions. (43)
Boys binge drinking – poor performance on tests of attention. (44)
Dr. Susan Tapert – Professor of Psychiatry, University of California San Diego
Teeth grinding in teenagers could be a sign of being bullied at school research suggests.
Teeth grinding can lead to headaches, worn-down teeth and disrupted sleep and it appears to be on the rise.
13 – 15 year olds who experienced verbal bullying at school, 4 times likely to suffer from teeth-grinding at night or sleep bruxism (clenching and grinding teeth at night).
Study published in the Journal of Oral Rehabilitation (45)
Grinding teeth may not sound like a priority…but could prove a vital insight into a child’s state of mind and an important sign to identify bullying at an earlier stage.
Dr. Nigel Carter – Oral Health Foundation (45)
Vlogging has become a lucrative career path.
UK firm offering classes for children booked up with a waiting list of 125 children.
The Week – Page 8, Issue 1116 dated 18 March 2017
Kids Selling Drugs Online (46)
The money is addictive.
When I’m grown up I’m not going to be selling to little kids…but I am a little kid and I sell these things and all these people that want it they’re going to come.
It’s not my fault that they want it. Tai – aged 16 (not real name)
1 in 5 aged 16 to 24 took illegal drugs.
Some online dealers are as young as 13.
Emojis are used as codes for buying drugs online.
16 year old making £300 per day selling drugs. Started selling aged 12. (47)
Internet Addiction is not yet classed as a psychiatric disorder. (48)
40 million people affected by this condition according to specialists.
20% are young adults who suffer from some form of Internet addiction.
Majority technology addiction in young men involves gaming.
Common factor in addiction is the escapism it provides.
Young interviewee felt a sense of worth being another name/character online instead of being depressed in real life.
Growing trend of younger women getting hooked on social media.
Psychologists report young women chasing likes on social media, a fixation that can have serious impact on development of self-esteem, social skills and authentic identity. (48)
Scientists found five days without a smartphone, young girls were better at reading facial expressions and engaging emotionally.
Progress in treating Internet addiction is hindered by psychologists who do not accept it as a disorder. (48)
Pupil to Teacher Violence
Survey from Education Union – the Association of Teachers and Lecturers.
40% teachers have experienced violence from pupils in 2015.
66% teachers felt pupils under more stress than 2 years ago.
45% stated pupil behaviour had got worse in the last 2 years.
50% said it was down to pupil’s mental health issues.
78% pointed to emotional and behavioural difficulties as the cause. (49)
46,000 children in England are involved in gangs. (50)
Children as young as 10 recruited into gangs, that could be extremely violent, intimidatory and sexually abusive.
Children looking for “a sense of belonging”, “fast money” or “glamour” were at risk.
Criminals lure children in apparent money-making opportunities on social media, passing money through their accounts to disguise the source of illicit funds.
Criminals prey on younger people because of their lack of knowledge, in particular about money laundering.
‘Life skills lessons’ should include information on the risks of becoming involved in gangs, an understanding of how gangs target children and help in building resilience to resist them. (50)
Most schools at the moment do provide life skill lessons but they are often inconsistent and often don’t tackle some of these issues that are much harder to tackle.
Anne Longfield – Children’s Commissioner for England (50)
Is the above statement from the Children’s Commissioner for England confirming that something is missing?
WHY are we floundering when it comes to the minute detail?
With all our academic Intelligence – how come we have not yet been able to assess the negative factors in a child’s life?
What is stopping us and WHY is this not a priority?
WHY are we not questioning this when we all know that this will affect the child’s adult life?
Study – researchers interviewed police, probation service, local authorities and health services in 33 areas across England and Wales to find out how the nature of gangs and their perception is changing.
Children as young as nine being drawn into gangs, often to deliver or store drugs.
Research from the Home Office (51)
School children recruited with offers of trainers and tracksuits are set drug selling targets.
Punished if these targets are not met.
Sexual exploitation of girls in gangs is becoming more prevalent.
The method of recruitment – target young, easily influenced youths as young as 12 from local schools and surrounding area. Gang Member
Some instances youngsters were away from home or care for several days.
50% gang members were aged 12 to 14.
33% between age 9 and 11. (51)
Nearly all gang members said sexual or physical violence against girls happened “sometimes” or “often” within gangs, often as punishment or to take revenge on rival gangs.
Gang members said women and girls used to carry and hide weapons, take prohibited items into prison and transport drugs.
Gang associates told researchers that girls were motivated to perform sexual acts with gang members “because of your reputation and your name”.
Girls were known to have sex with 10 men and “she gets to brag about it with her brethren”. (51)
Social media is now the preferred way to recruit new gang members as more covert tactic.
Metropolitan Police warn fraudsters are targeting children as ‘money mules’.
The scam involves transferring stolen money through children’s bank accounts to hide it from the authorities. (52)
Pupils were being approached outside school gates and on social media.
Some as young as 13 or 14 responding to adverts they see on social media, on video sharing sites, which are offering money in exchange for moving money through their bank account.
They are being induced by images of people waving wads of cash at them.
Sandra Peaston – Assistant Director, Cifas Fraud Prevention Service (52)
Young people are increasingly tempted by fraudsters who offer a small cash fee in return for transferring money through their bank accounts.
Offenders aged 18 to 25 are 10 times more likely to have a learning disability.
Temperance – the ability to evaluate the consequences of actions and to limit impulsiveness and risk-taking is still developing when a person is in their 20’s. (53)
Young adults still account for a significant and disproportionate volume of criminal justice caseloads.
Under age 25 represent 10% of general population but 30 – 40% of criminal justice caseloads.
75% young adults are reconvicted within two years of release from prison. (1)
Dear Dear World
How serious is this about our Youth of today?
Are we aware that most statistics are well out of date and so the real figures are probably much higher?
How extreme is the behaviour of our Youth today?
How has it got to this stage where so much is going on for our Youth?
Are science and our current form of education keeping up with what is needed or are they going for solutions?
Are we on the front foot when it comes to our global Youth issues?
Are we accepting a reality that is far from the Truth when it comes to our Youth?
Have we given up with our Youth because we have given up on ourselves?
Have we realised that our Youth of today are going to be our future adult generation?
What sort of world is ahead if this is the state of our Youth today all over the world?
What are we really celebrating when so many of our Youth are deeply suffering and in need of help?
Helping our Youth is a much-needed factor.
Truly helping them requires real commitment and one’s personal success to provide very real inspiration. Serge Benhayon (54)
Is this man saying something that is currently missing for our world?
Could we possibly learn something here from this wise man?
Do we first need to have a real Commitment to Life and then define what true success is?
Is this the inspiration our Youth of today need?
Could it be possible that what is missing is the old-fashioned stuff of communication and connection, where our Youth feel safe to express whatever they feel?
Could it be that Simple?
If you are feeling suicidal, contact your GP for support or the Suicide Helplines.
In a crisis contact your emergency services.
UK – Samaritans available 24 hours
Tel: 116 123 or email email@example.com
Childline – for children and young people
Tel: 0800 1111
USA – National Suicide Prevention Lifeline
Check International Association for Suicide Prevention Resources on Crisis Centers
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(4) International Youth Day 2017. United Nations. Retrieved August 5, 2017 from
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(18) (2017, April 6). Higher Death Rate Among Youth with First Episode Psychosis. National Institutes of Health (NIH). Retrieved August 6, 2017 from
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(20) Gallucci, M. (2016, November 2016). Depression Rates for Teen Girls Spikes in an Age of Cyber Bullying. Mashable UK. Retrieved August 5, 2017 from
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