Do we all know about World No Tobacco Day?
Do we know it has been going since 1988?
Do we know the facts about Tobacco?
Do we know the harm Tobacco is causing?
Do we know how huge the Tobacco industry is?
What does all this mean to us on the street?
Are we ready to learn the real Truth about Tobacco?
The tobacco epidemic is one of the biggest public health threats the world has ever faced. (1)
WHY is tobacco such a huge threat to the public?
What are we campaigning about this year?
How do we go about taking ‘intensified action’?
Is this type of action going to change anything long-term?
Are we coming up with new ways because we have to do something?
Are we fighting but in truth, not really going anywhere?
Are we employing the same old stuff with new agendas?
Are we coming up with strategies and plans but not making much difference?
Are we being honest that we cannot control the threat of tobacco?
Are our current goals going to make any difference to this global epidemic?
Are our contributions globally really changing anything?
One of the goals for the 2017 campaign is to demonstrate how individuals can contribute by making a sustainable, tobacco-free world by committing to never taking up tobacco products or by quitting the habit.
Well is it that easy?
How come many simply cannot kick the habit?
How do we get past our addictive nature and knock out harmfull substances?
Have we bothered to really study those who are addicted to tobacco?
Do we know why they started taking the stuff in the first place?
Do we need to spend our resources and efforts asking valuable questions?
Are we too busy looking for solutions but not getting to the root cause?
Are we aware that most of us replace one addiction with another?
7 million people die from tobacco use every year.
8 million predicted by 2030. (2)
4.3 million hectares of land, used for growing tobacco each year.
2 – 4% global deforestation every year.
Tobacco growing requires large amounts of pesticides and fertilizers, which can be toxic and pollute water supplies.
2 million tons – amount solid waste tobacco manufacturing produces. (2)
World No Tobacco Day is celebrated around the world every year on 31 May.
According to the official website, this yearly celebration informs the public on –
Dangers of using tobacco
Business practices of Tobacco companies
What WHO is doing to fight the tobacco epidemic
What people around the world can do to claim their right to health and healthy living and to protect future generations. (3)
How many of us know what true health is?
How many of us are choosing to live healthy?
How many of us have different meanings for the word ‘health’?
How healthy are our younger generations today?
How are we raising our kids when it comes to healthy living?
How responsible are we regarding protecting future generations?
So, what are we actually celebrating after 30 years of campaigning?
What has been going on for the past three decades?
1988 Tobacco or Health: Choose Health
1989 Women and Tobacco: The Female Smoker: at Added Risk
1990 Childhood and Youth without Tobacco: Growing Up Without Tobacco
1991 Public Places and Transport: Better be Tobacco Free
1992 Tobacco Free Workplaces: Safer and Healthier
1993 Health Services: Our Windows to a Tobacco Free World
1994 Media and Tobacco: Get the Message Across
1995 Tobacco Costs More Than You Think
1996 Sport and Art without Tobacco: Play it Tobacco Free
1997 United for a Tobacco Free World
1998 Growing up without Tobacco
1999 Leave the Pack Behind
2000 Tobacco Kills, Don’t be Duped
2001 Second-Hand Smoke Kills
2002 Tobacco Free Sports
2003 Tobacco Free Film, Tobacco Free Fashion
2004 Tobacco and Poverty: A Vicious Circle
2005 Health Professionals against Tobacco
2006 Tobacco: Deadly in any Form or Disguise
2007 Smoke Free Inside
2008 Tobacco-Free Youth
2009 Tobacco Health Warnings
2010 Gender and Tobacco with an Emphasis on Marketing to Women
2011 The WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control
2012 Tobacco Industry Interference
2013 Ban Tobacco Advertising, Promotion and Sponsorship
2014 Raise Taxes on Tobacco
2015 Stop Illicit Trade of Tobacco Products
2016 Get Ready for Plain Packaging
2017 Tobacco – a Threat to Development (3)
What is Tobacco?
Concise Oxford English Dictionary tells us –
A preparation of the dried and fermented nicotine-rich leaves of an American plant, used for smoking or chewing. (4)
Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders – Fifth edition
Tobacco Use Disorder
Other Tobacco-Induced Disorders
Unspecified Tobacco-Related Disorder
Tobacco Use Disorder
A problematic pattern of tobacco use leading to clinically significant impairment or distress, as manifested by at least two of the following, occurring within a 12-month period:
1. Tobacco is often taken in larger amounts or over a longer period than was intended.
2. There is a persistent desire or unsuccessful efforts to cut down or control tobacco use.
3. A great deal of time is spent in activities necessary to obtain or use tobacco.
4. Craving, or a strong desire or urge to use tobacco.
5. Recurrent tobacco use resulting in a failure to fulfill major role obligations at work, school, or home (e.g., interference at work).
6. Continued tobacco use despite having persistent or recurrent social or interpersonal problems caused or exacerbated by the effects of tobacco (e.g., arguments with others about tobacco use).
7. Important social, occupational, or recreational activities are given up or reduced because of tobacco use.
8. Recurrent tobacco use in situations in which it is physically hazardous (e.g., smoking in bed).
9. Tobacco use is continued despite knowledge of having a persistent or recurrent physical or psychological problem that is likely to have been caused or exacerbated by tobacco.
10. Tolerance, as defined by either of the following:
a. A need for markedly increased amounts of tobacco to achieve the desired effect.
b. A markedly diminished effect with continued use of the same amount of tobacco.
11. Withdrawal, as manifested by either of the following:
a. The characteristic withdrawal syndrome for tobacco (refer to Criteria A and B or the criteria set for tobacco withdrawal).
b. Tobacco (or a closely related substance, such as nicotine) is taken to relieve or avoid withdrawal symptoms.
A. Daily use of tobacco for at least several weeks.
B. Abrupt cessation of tobacco use, or reduction in the amount of tobacco used, followed within 24 hours by four (or more) of the following signs or symptoms:
1. Irritability, frustration, or anger.
3. Difficulty concentrating.
4. Increased appetite.
6. Depressed mood.
C. The signs or symptoms in Criterion B cause clinically significant distress or impairment in social, occupational, or other important areas of functioning.
D. The signs or symptoms are not attributed to another medical condition and are not better explained by another mental disorder, including intoxication or withdrawal from another substance.
Withdrawal symptoms impair the ability to stop tobacco use. The symptoms after abstinence from tobacco are in large part due to nicotine deprivation. Symptoms are much more intense among individuals who smoke cigarettes or use smokeless tobacco than among those who use nicotine medications. This difference in symptom intensity is likely due to the more rapid onset and higher levels of nicotine with cigarette smoking. Tobacco withdrawal is common among daily tobacco users who stop or reduce but can also occur among nondaily users. Typically, heart rate decreases by 5-12 beats per minute in the first few days after stopping smoking, and weight increases an average of 2-3 kg over the first year after stopping smoking.
Tobacco withdrawal can produce clinically significant mood changes and functional impairment.
Associated Features Supporting Diagnosis
Craving for sweet or sugary foods and impaired performance on tasks requiring vigilance are associated with tobacco withdrawal. Abstinence can increase constipation, coughing, dizziness, dreaming/nightmares, nausea, and sore throat. Smoking increases the metabolism of many medications used to treat mental disorders; thus, cessation of smoking can increase the blood levels of these medications, and this can produce clinically significant outcomes. This effect appears to be due not to nicotine but rather to other compounds in tobacco.
Other Tobacco-Induced Disorders
Tobacco-induced sleep disorder.
So here we have the kingpins who wrote the book – American Psychiatric Association telling us what the real harm of Tobacco is.
Taken word for word from the manual, we can say that coming off tobacco is not easy.
For those who do, check out the symptoms above that may occur and again it confirms why it is so hard to come off any substance that is addictive.
How many of us then go from one addiction to another?
How many of us give up smoking but need the nicotine in another form?
How many of us are aware that we have become so dependent on this drug?
How many of us can admit that tobacco is a mind-altering substance?
How many of us know someone who gives up fags and moves onto something else?
How many of us are honest enough to say we get the sugar munchies if we stop smoking?
How many of us go from chewing tobacco to constantly wanting to chew non-stop?
How many of us realise that tobacco is seriously affecting our mind and body?
History of Tobacco
Tobacco has been growing wild in the Americas for nearly 8000 years.
2000 years ago, tobacco began to be chewed and smoked during cultural or religious events. (5)
Tobacco was the first crop grown for money in North America.
1612 – 1st American colony settlers in Virginia grew tobacco as a cash crop. (6)
1531 – Tobacco grown first time in Europe.
1600 – Tobacco use spread across England and Europe and used as monetary standard.
1602 – Anonymous English author published essay where smoking was being linked to ill health. (5)
1700’s – Smoking more widespread and a tobacco industry had been developed.
1795 – German physician reported awareness of cancers of the lip in pipe smokers.
1798 – US physician Benjamin Rush wrote on medical dangers of tobacco. (5)
1865 – First commercial hand rolled cigarettes were made and sold to soldiers.
1881 – Invention of the cigarette machine which could make 120,000 cigarettes a day. (6)
1920’s – First medical reports linking smoking to lung cancer began to appear.
Many newspaper editors refused to report these findings as Tobacco companies advertised heavily in the media.
During World Wars, allied troops were provided free cigarettes as a ‘morale boosting’ exercise. (5)
Has it ever crossed our minds WHY on earth would our soldiers be given a toxic substance that alters their natural state?
Could it be possible that we as a race of beings are not designed to be in combat with other fellow humans?
Could it be possible that the increase in cigarette smoking during the war was needed to keep our troops dis-connected from their very essence, so they could carry out an un-natural task of harming or killing other fellow human beings?
Types of Tobacco
Some strains have been specifically crossbred to produce high nicotine levels. (7)
Six trillion – 6,000,000,000,000 cigarettes are smoked every year. (8)
Tobacco kills up to half of its users
Tobacco kills more than 7 million people each year
Over 1 billion smokers in the world
80% of these smokers live in low and middle income countries (1)
Cigarette smoke contains arsenic, cyanide and radioactive isotopes.
Cigarettes are freebased with ammonia to turn them into a kind of crack nicotine.
Cigarettes contain about 66% tobacco; the rest is made up of
- added sugars
- burn accelerants
- freebasing agents
- bronchial dilators
- moisteners like glycerine or diethylene glycol
- some cigarettes contain dirt, mold, worms, wire and insect excrement (8)
Leading Cause of Death, Illness & Impoverishment
We now know, the tobacco epidemic is one of the biggest public health threats the world has ever faced.
In some countries, children from poor households are frequently employed in tobacco farming to provide family income. These children are especially vulnerable to “green tobacco sickness”, which is caused by the nicotine that is absorbed through the skin from the handling of wet tobacco leaves. (1)
Second Hand Smoke
4000 chemicals in tobacco smoke
250 are known to be harmful
50 known to cause cancer
There is no safe level of exposure to second hand tobacco smoke. (1)
Smoke can stay in the air for up to 2.5 hours even with a window open. (9)
In adults, second hand smoke causes serious cardiovascular and respiratory diseases, including coronary heart disease and lung cancer.
In infants, it causes sudden death.
In pregnant women, it causes low birth weight. (1)
890,000 non-smokers die due to second hand smoke. (1)
50,000 Americans die from exposure to second hand smoke every year – more than auto accidents. (8)
Second hand smoke exposure remains a major problem.
15 – 50% of the population in most countries estimated to be exposed to second hand smoke.
70% of the population in some countries affected by second hand smoke exposure. (10)
Smoking in Pregnancy
4D Ultra scans have found foetuses of mothers’ who smoke have significantly higher rate of mouth and touch movements than the normal declining rate of movement usually seen in older foetuses. (11)
Researchers at Durham and Lancaster Universities, UK
The abnormal development of the foetal central nervous system in smokers is given as a reason why this has occurred. The central nervous system controls movements in general, including facial movements and it is suggested that this may not develop at the same rate and in the same way as foetuses of non-smokers.
Foetal facial movement patterns differ significantly between foetuses of mothers who smoked compared to those of mothers who did not smoke.
Our findings concur with others that stress and depression have a significant impact on foetal movements and need to be controlled for, but additionally these results point to the fact that nicotine exposure per se has an effect on foetal development over and above the effects of stress and depression.
A larger study is needed to confirm these results and to investigate specific effects, including the interaction of maternal stress and smoking.
Dr. Nadia Reissland – Department of Psychology, Durham University (11)
Technology means we can now see what was previously hidden, revealing how smoking affects the development of the foetus in ways we did not realise. This is yet further evidence of the negative effects of smoking in pregnancy.
Professor Brian Francis – Lancaster University, UK (11)
The researchers stressed that their research was a pilot study and that larger studies were needed to confirm and further understand the relationship between maternal smoking, stress, depression and foetal development.
Dr. Nadia Reissland speaks about the study in this link –
Hello – can we just stop and press the pause button here?
If we simply apply common sense after reading this bit about smoking during pregnancy – would it be true to say that it has harmfull effects to the tiny baby?
These babies are our future generations and they are showing signs of movement that clearly states their nervous system is being affected. Bit obvious really, as this is going on inside the body of the mother, who of course has her nervous system stimulated because she is smoking.
In other words, it is all inter-connected and there is no getting away from this immutable fact.
How much more further studies and research and research are we demanding to prove more and more of what we already know?
Are we in some way delaying the obvious by saying larger studies are needed for more of this and that and all the time this is going on we are at the mercy of science trying to tell us what we all innately know and that is SMOKING IS HARMFULL?
Would it be more wise and beneficial if we demanded research into WHY those who smoke started smoking in the first place?
Would that eventually get us to the root cause of why our youth are turning to smoking at such a young age?
Cigarettes are addictive and so it is very hard to quit.
Nicotine rewires the brain, creating a pharmacologic dependency as strong as that from heroin or opium. The result for most users is a profound inability to quit – which is why some victims end up smoking through holes punched in their throats.
Tobacco is not a recreational drug. (8)
Studies show few people understand the specific health risks of tobacco use.
2009 survey in China
62% smokers did not know smoking causes coronary heart disease.
73% did not know smoking causes stroke.
Only 24 countries, representing 15% of the world’s population have national comprehensive cessation services available, with full or partial cost-coverage to assist tobacco users to quit.
Studies in Brazil, Canada, Singapore and Thailand show that warnings with pictures increase people’s awareness of the harms of tobacco use. (1)
Tobacco taxes are reported as the most cost-effective way to reduce tobacco use, especially among young and poor people.
A tax increase that increases tobacco prices by 10% decreases tobacco consumption by about 4% in high-income countries and 5% in low and middle income countries.
Only 33 countries with 10% of the world’s population have introduced taxes on tobacco products so that more than 75% of the retail price is tax. (1)
Illicit (Tax Evasion) Tobacco Trade
The illicit trade in tobacco products poses major health, economic and security concerns around the world.
1 in 10 cigarettes and tobacco products consumed globally, estimated to be illicit.
The illicit market is supported by petty peddlers to organised criminal networks involved in arms and human trafficking. (1)
The illegal trade undermines the effectiveness of efforts to reduce smoking.
The existence of an illicit trade in tobacco products reduces the effectiveness of tobacco control measures because:
- Illicit tobacco is often available at cheaper prices.
- Cheap tobacco makes it easier for non-smokers to start and ex-smokers to relapse.
- Illegal tobacco is available from a range of sources within some local communities, which makes it easier for children to start smoking and enabling them to be hooked at a young age.
The illicit tobacco trade is often part of organised criminal activity and is linked to other illegal trades including alcohol, drug smuggling, people trafficking and DVD production.
There is evidence that illicit tobacco trade funds terrorism (12)
The following is from The Journal of International Security.
To the uninitiated, it is easy to think of illegal tobacco as something harmlessly sold in the back of a neighbourhood convenience store or street corner.
The reality is far more deadly.
The US State Department, Interpol, the United Nations and others view illegal tobacco as a worldwide epidemic that funds criminal and terrorist organisations.
It is estimated that as much as 20 per cent of the financing currently funding global terror groups is derived from the illegal tobacco trade, with 15 of the world’s largest terrorist organisations engaged in trading illicit tobacco.
The relative ease of smuggling cigarettes and the lack of heavy penalties for those caught, is allowing militant groups to easily rake in high profits.
France’s Centre for the Analysis of Terrorism (CAT) have found that many extremist groups are able to trade tobacco illegally using the guise of humanitarian aid.
France is the number one country in Europe for the illicit trade of cigarettes.
9 billion cigarettes being imported illegally in 2014 alone.
Cigarettes sold on the black market are manufactured in unsanitary illegal factories and are made with substances such as sawdust and worse.
Smugglers respect no laws, so their dangerous products can easily make their way into the hands of minors.
2006 – The World Health Organization estimated 600 billion cigarettes were illegally traded. (13)
So, what is the real true figure today – 11 years later?
Smoking and Mental Health
Research from British Heart Foundation
Smoking’s soothing effects are short lived.
Smoking actually contributes to poorer mental health over time.
70% – smokers more likely to suffer from anxiety and depression.
Smoking associated with deficits in executive function –
Ability to plan and execute tasks
Focus our attention
Organise memory between long term and the here and now
Increased negative mental health effects occur when people drink alcohol and smoke excessively.
Alcohol dependent individuals who smoke cigarettes show greater neuropsychological damage than those who do not smoke.
This includes memory deficits, the ability to think quickly and efficiently and problem solving tasks.
Thomas Heffernan – Professor of Psychology, Northumbria University (14)
Smokers experience irritability, anxiety and depression when they have not smoked for a while and these feelings are reliably relieved by smoking, thus creating the perception that smoking has psychological benefits – while in fact it is smoking that caused these psychological disturbances in the first place.
British Medical Journal Study, 2014
Both quantitative and qualitative analyses indicate that regular smokers report smoking cigarettes to alleviate emotional problems and feelings of depression and anxiety, to stabilise mood and for relaxation as well as relieving stress. (15)
Can we stop and join the dots here again?
It is a well known fact that smoking is seriously harmfull and cigarette packets and advertisements display big bold signs saying SMOKING KILLS.
So, what is really going on if regular smokers are saying they get benefits from smoking, as it helps to lighten the severity of their emotional problems and feelings of anxiety and depression?
WHY on earth would they want to give up something that relaxes them and stabilizes their mood?
WHY would anyone give up a substance they think is relieving their stress levels?
Could it be possible that smoking dis-connects us from our body?
Could it be possible that we feel a void and we use smoking to not feel it?
Could it be possible that our deep feelings of emptiness are covered up with smoking?
Could it be possible that smoking gives us a false breath instead of our true breath?
Could it be possible that smoking simply makes us numb?
Could it be possible the nicotine stops us feeling what there is to be felt?
In other words, it does the band aid job, where we do not have to deal with our buried issues that keep wanting to surface?
Could it be possible that we actually prefer to choose a substance to kill us rather than deal with our buried hurts that caused us to smoke in the first place?
Is this too way off and a random statement or could there be some simple truth here?
Smoking usually starts as teenagers.
It is rare for anyone to start smoking after their teen years:
People become smokers as children, when they cannot make ‘an adult choice’.
Whatever choice they do make is then compromised by the grip of addiction. (8)
What exactly is this telling us?
WHY is it rare to start smoking any other time in our lives?
Can we read between the lines or is it plain and obvious?
Researchers are telling us that smoking starts with teenagers.
How scary is it to know this startling truth about our youth?
Have we asked any smoker to get this confirmed?
What on earth is going on for our young generation?
Does it have something to do with the pressures of modern life?
Are our teens a difficult time as we are no longer children?
Are our teenagers feeling the pressures of becoming an adult?
Are they simply feeling lost and empty and cigarettes fill that void?
Are they under stress to be on the ‘in crowd’ and light up a fag?
Are they not so cool if they don’t smoke cigarettes and drink alcohol?
Are they seeking relief from the misery they feel inside themselves?
Are we ready to become role models for our children who will be the future generations in our world?
Are we ready to take Responsibility and truly educate ourselves about the real harm of tobacco and WHY this industry is still booming in the 21st century?
Are we ready to stop blaming the government, the tobacco giants and the world and its brothers for allowing this toxic poison to harm us and our precious planet?
As with everything, we do have a choice and no one puts a gun to our head to start smoking.
The industry is supplying what we are demanding. We buy it without knowing the real harm.
Are we ready to take action by living in a way that brings no harm to the human frame to the best of our ability in everyday life?
Are we ready to take RESPONSIBILITY for all the choices we are making and this in turn will inspire others to do the same?
Do we each hold the answers within us for some of our major global issues facing us today like –
Female Genital Mutilation
High Blood Pressure
Are we ready to wake up to the fact that these statistics and facts below are real and they are all out of date and so the figures are actually higher?
Let’s ADD to that – all the numbers that never make it to a statistic.
In other words, the stuff that stays under the radar.
Are we aware of how BIG the tobacco industry really is and WHY it is booming?
Would it be fair to say that there are people making heaps of money on a product that is killing us, if the annual profit 3 years ago was $16 billion?
Who is really profiting here and are we winning as a race of beings if this is how we view human life?
If human life is not considered then where does this leave our precious planet Earth?
$1,000,000,000,000 – one trillion US dollars
Tobacco industry’s annual revenues (16)
44% market share – largest cigarette producer
43% amount of tobacco it cultivates on Earth
$91,700,000,000 annual income
$16,000,000,000 annual profit (2014)
$39,100,000,000 – highest net sales from a Tobacco company (2012)
4.5 trillion of the estimated annual 6 trillion cigarettes consumed globally are deposited as butts somewhere into the environment each year.
This material comprises the largest percentage of waste – collected globally during the coastal clean ups each year.
Thomas E. Novotny and Elli Slaughter, San Diego State University, 2014 (16)
80% smokers are men
25,000,000 youth smoke cigarettes (10)
Countries where average smoker smokes more than 30 cigarettes a day
2,000 – 3,500 cigarettes smoked per person in one year
Bosnia & Herzegovina
Russian Federation (16)
2014 figures of people aged 15 and over
Chinese market consumes more cigarettes than all other low and middle income countries combined. (16)
210,000,000 are men
350 million is more than the entire population of USA (17)
2,500,000,000,000 cigarettes smoked per year. (18)
Cigarette smoking is the leading preventable cause of death. (19)
The risk of dying from cigarette smoking has increased over the last 50 years.
1 in 5 estimated deaths caused by smoking cigarettes.
480,000 deaths each year.
Smoking causes more deaths each year than the following causes combined –
Illegal Drug use
Motor Vehicle Injuries
Firearm Related Incidents
10 times as many citizens have died prematurely from cigarette smoking than they have died in ALL the wars fought by the USA. (19)
90% of all lung cancer deaths is caused by smoking.
80% all deaths from Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, caused by smoking.
Estimates show smoking increases the risk of men and women developing lung cancer by 25 times.
Smoking causes stroke and coronary heart disease, which are among the leading causes of death in the USA.
Even people who smoke less than 5 cigarettes a day can have early signs of cardiovascular disease. (19)
High Blood Pressure
Smoking damages blood vessels and can make them thicken and grow narrower.
Our heart beats faster and our blood pressure goes up.
Smoking can cause cancer almost anywhere in our body.
1 in 3 deaths in USA would not happen if nobody smoked.
Teeth and Gums
Smoking affects the health of our teeth and gums and can cause tooth loss.
Smoking can increase the risk of cataracts. It can also cause age-related macular degeneration (AMD). This is damage to a small spot near the centre of the retina, the part of the eye needed for central vision. (19)
Smoking is a cause of Type 2 Diabetes and can make it harder to control.
30-40% higher risk of developing Diabetes for active smokers than non-smokers.
Smoking causes general adverse effects on our body, including inflammation and decreased immune function.
Smoking is also a cause of rheumatoid arthritis.
Smoking can make it harder for a woman to become pregnant.
It can also affect the baby’s health before and after birth. (19)
400,000 babies born every year to mothers who smoke during pregnancy.
20,000 spontaneous abortions estimated caused by smoking. (8)
700 killed by cigarette fires every year. (8)
It takes 6 years for a Tobacco farmer to earn what a Tobacco company director earns in one day.
A Tobacco farmer would need to work 2,140 years to earn the equivalent of a Tobacco company director’s annual salary. (17)
First country to introduce mandatory plain packaging for tobacco products. (20)
2014 – 2015
2,600,000 people smoked daily
12.1% women (21)
1,800,000 smokers will die from smoking. (22)
2020 – pack cigarettes will cost AUS $40 / US $30. (23)
In preparation for 2020 Tokyo Olympics, Japan due to pass strictest ever smoking laws.
Government officials have questioned link between smoking cigarettes and lung cancer.
World Health Organization gave Japan’s efforts to eradicate second-hand smoke its lowest rating, calling into question whether the country would be considered a responsible one according to the Tobacco-Free Olympics body, in time for the 2020 Games. (24)
From 20th May all cigarettes now come in plain packaging.
No misleading information such as ‘low tar’ or ‘organic’ to be allowed.
Ban now in operation on flavoured cigarettes and flavoured rolling tobacco.
Smoking is still the single largest preventable cause of death in the UK and kills around 96,000 people every year – this cannot continue.
Alison Cox – Director of Prevention, Cancer Research UK (25)
2012 – 2014
136,500 children aged 11 – 15 started smoking
That’s more than 370 per day
Many low – middle income countries have a high smoking prevalence and heavy burdens of disease due to tobacco use. (10)
1994 – an unsolicited box containing several thousand pages of documents from a Tobacco Corporation arrived at Professor Stanton Glantz’s office. The documents revealed the private view of the Tobacco Industry’s thoughts and actions, which differed to the public image presented by the industry over the previous 30 years.
The Tobacco industry used 3 primary arguments to prevent government regulation of its products and to defend itself in products liability lawsuits.
- Tobacco companies claimed consistently ‘no conclusive proof that smoking causes diseases such as cancer and heart disease’.
- Smoking is not addictive and that anyone that smokes makes a ‘free choice to do so’.
- Companies claimed they are ‘committed to determining the scientific truth’ about the health effects of tobacco by internal research and funding external research.
By not admitting tobacco is addictive and that it causes disease, the Tobacco industry have been able to resist efforts to regulate its products.
By arguing that cigarette smoking is from ‘individual choice’ – they blame the consumer.
The Tobacco companies involved recognised nicotine as an addictive drug and that people smoke to maintain a target level of nicotine in their bodies. They actively worked to identify and remove the specific toxins in tobacco smoke that cause a number of diseases.
‘Privately’ they recognised smoking causes disease.
When U.S. Surgeon General Advisory Committee were preparing the first Surgeon General’s report on smoking, the Tobacco companies withheld the above information.
When it became clear that a “safe” cigarette could not be developed, Tobacco industry lawyers took more control of scientific research as a way to protect the companies from product liability lawsuits.
This took precedence over public health. (26)
There is no question that the Tobacco companies regarded nicotine’s pharmalogical (drug) effects as key to the intended smoking experience.
One Tobacco company sought to avoid generating any new research results confirming smoking causes disease or that nicotine is addictive. Furthermore, they sought to avoid affiliation with or even knowledge of such results.
They also sought to prevent the distribution/disclosure of such results.
When the University of California was sued by a company demanding that the documents Professor Glantz received be returned, the judge refused stating this was in the Public Interest. They were placed into a library for public reading.
As a result of subsequent papers written by Dr. Glantz and his team, Bill Clinton used them as part of his decision making process to ask the Federal Food & Drug Administration (FDA) to propose regulations of nicotine as an addictive drug and cigarettes and smokeless tobacco products. (26)
For decades tobacco companies have killed more Americans than all the armies, terrorists and criminals combined.
Ronald L. Numbers – Professor of the History of Science and Medicine, University of Wisconsin
100 million people died of smoking related diseases in the 20th century; in the next 100 years, we expect 1 billion deaths worldwide.
Allan M. Brandt – Professor of the History of Medicine & Science – Harvard University
One of the most important discoveries of the last century was to demonstrate scientifically that cigarette smoking causes serious disease and death. Simple logic suggests that the dramatic rise in cigarette smoking must be correlated with the finding in 1946 that lung cancer cases had tripled over the previous three decades. But this seemingly obvious epidemiological conclusion was delayed by decades of medical and public debate, largely fuelled by the tobacco industry.
As a result, this knowledge – this fact– was not easily accepted. (27)
Medical concern about the health effects of tobacco dates back to its earliest use, long before the rise of the cigarette.
The first research, conducted in the 18th century, centred on nicotine and its impact. The longstanding knowledge that, in its purified form, a drop of nicotine could kill helped sustain the antagonisms of the 19th century anti-tobacco movement.
Early researchers explored the chemical composition of tobacco smoke. Their studies typically found carbonic acid and “a series of elements, which with almost no exception, are poisonous”:
Nicotine, hydronic acid, carbon monoxide and pyridine.
R. Kissling, “The Chemistry of Tobacco,” Scientific American Supplement, November 25, 1905, 24999 and Johannes Wilbert, “Tobacco and Shamanism in South America,” Psychoactive Plants of the World, eds. Richard Evans Schultes and Robert F. Raffauf
(New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1987). (27)
There are biologically active materials present in cigarette tobacco. These are
a) cancer causing
b) cancer promoting
d) stimulating, pleasurable and flavourful
Arthur D. Little, “L & M – A Perspective Review,” March 15, 1961, Bates No. 2021382496/2498; Cipollone, http:/legacy.library.ucsf.edu/tid/ffn23e00. (27)
Nicotine is a toxic poison and is highly addictive. (28)
Nicotine is the addictive agent in cigarettes.
Nicotine affects the nervous system and the heart. (29)
Nicotine is used in pesticides.
Nicotine causes blood vessels to constrict.
Nicotine slows down production of osteoblasts (bone producing cells).
Nicotine hinders the release of insulin from the pancreas leaving smokers in a state of hyperglycaemia.
Nicotine easily crosses the placental barrier and can be detected in both foetal circulation and amniotic fluid.
Nicotine accumulates in breast milk and seems to affect sleep patterns in nursing infants.
Nicotine and carbon monoxide in cigarette smoke hinder spinal disc cells from absorbing vital nutrients in the blood. This leads to premature dehydration and degeneration of spinal discs.
Nicotine stops apoptosis, a process that removes unwanted cells in the body. Since some of the cells targeted by apoptosis are mutations that might become cancerous, inhibiting this important function may contribute to life threatening diseases. (28)
Nicotine and the Blood Brain Barrier
The blood brain barrier is a physiological barrier between the circulatory system and the central nervous system that establishes a privileged blood supply, restricting the flow of substances into the central nervous system. (30)
However, some substances can get through the Blood Brain Barrier –
Fat-soluble substances dissolve in the cell membrane and cross the barrier –
Alcohol, Nicotine and Caffeine.
Water-soluble substances such as penicillin have difficulty in getting through.
Substances that the brain needs such as glucose and amino acids are carried across by special transport proteins.
Molecules link up to receptors on the surface of the brain and are escorted through for example insulin. (31)
In both pre-clinical and clinical studies, psycho-stimulants including
produce Blood Brain Barrier dysfunction through alterations in tight junction protein expression and conformation, increased glial activation, increased enzyme activation related to Blood Brain Barrier cytoskeleton remodelling and induction of neuroinflammatory pathways.
These detrimental changes lead to increased permeability of the Blood Brain Barrier and subsequent vulnerability of the brain to peripheral toxins. (32)
Nicotine is a toxic substance which because of its lipid solubility can cross the Blood Brain Barrier.
It has several different actions in the Central Nervous System, one of which is neuroexcitation where it can result in seizure activity. (33)
Nicotine is a soluble small molecule that rapidly diffuses through the Blood Brain Barrier and can interact directly with nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs) on brain endothelial cells. (32)
Effects of Nicotine on the Body
Increased heart rate
Increased blood pressure
Symptoms of Nicotine Withdrawal
Difficulty concentrating (29)
Acute exposure to nicotine through the skin or ingestion can also be harmful.
If ingested, nicotine is rapidly absorbed by the small intestine and typically produces symptoms between 15 minutes and 4 hours AFTER exposure.
Death may occur within one hour of severe exposure.
Numerous cases of nicotine poisoning have been documented since the early 20th century when nicotine was used as a pesticide.
Exposure to liquid nicotine was relatively rare until the newfound popularity of e-cigarettes.
There are a variety of ways to consume nicotine.
Some methods are currently regulated such as cigarettes, smokeless tobacco and nicotine replacement therapy.
Other methods such as e-cigarettes and nicotine candy are currently unregulated in most countries, yet the products are growing in popularity. Because of its addictiveness and the other known harms of nicotine, a framework is needed to regulate all nicotine delivery systems in a manner consistent with the harm that they cause. (29)
Here is a list of Tobacco products –
Chew (smokeless tobacco)
Chewing tobacco is associated with a high risk of cancers in the mouth and throat. (34)
Cigars, Cigarillos and Little Cigars
Dip (smokeless tobacco)
Electronic Cigarettes or E-Cigarette (Nicotine Delivery System)
Hookah – pipe used to smoke Shisha
Snuff (smokeless tobacco)
Snus (smokeless tobacco)
Spit Tobacco (smokeless tobacco)
So here are some tobacco products and we all know people who use them.
Have we bothered to stop and ask –
WHY are there so many more shisha bars opening up everywhere?
WHY are there e-cigarette shops popping up on the local high street?
WHY are our people doing long hours in the restaurant trade smoking?
WHY is the Tobacco industry booming after smoking bans in public places?
WHY is the Tobacco business in Truth not concerned about public health?
WHY are we so complacent that we just accept things as they are and let the researchers keep researching and let the billion dollar corporations do what they want to make profits?
346,000,000 adults in the world use smokeless tobacco products.
13,000,000 youth worldwide use smokeless tobacco products.
Smokeless tobacco use may be undercounted globally due to scarcity of data. (10)
There is NO safe form of Tobacco use.
All forms of Tobacco contain nicotine. (35)
Is this a warning or a sign that we need to pay attention to?
Is it too late to do anything for those who are addicted and see no way out?
Is it going to change anything if we swap cigarettes for another form of nicotine?
Is it time to go back a few steps and start educating our young children?
Is it high time we put this on our teaching curriculum for kids?
Is it wise to inform and educate our youth so they are aware of the real harm?
Is it sensible to share real life videos of those suffering because of smoking?
Is this the Intelligence that we need that would turn the tides once and for all?
Anyone in their right mind, even a young child knows that smoking is not good for us and yet it continues.
We have come up with more and more ways to deal with this huge global issue that has been around for a very long time.
If we simply join the dots and put our common sense hat on – would it be true to say that we have not got to the root cause of WHY people choose to take tobacco in the first place?
Is this “free will’ business, do what you like, when you like cutting it when you read articles like this?
Are we ready to take any RESPONSIBILITY for what is going on in our world?
Do we need to start with our teenagers and find out what leads them to get hooked on nicotine?
Do we need to go one step before that and ask what is actually going on for our young children that some are seeking tobacco in their teens?
Do we need to unite and stop this deeply harmfull substance, which is literally killing us?
Nothing is really working, so is it time to get back to the people and ask them what on earth is going on in their lives that makes them want to take a substance called tobacco that contains nicotine, which goes directly into the brain and harms us?
Do we as a race of beings have ALL the answers?
Are we looking in the wrong places?
Are the answers that we are asking our researchers for already inside ALL of us?
Could it be that simple?
Could there be another way to end the use of Tobacco in our world?
There is much more to read and research about this subject and it would be a dis-service to present one article in the form of a blog and leave it at that.
There is more to report and present on the Real Truth about Tobacco – Part 2
31 May 2018.
AND Finally, let us all ponder on this quote from a wise man who seems to know what he is on about –
If your mind is able to allow you to smoke cigarettes, take drugs and drink alcohol, whom does the mind really belong to if you then consider that the body has to suffer the consequences of those ill choices?
Serge Benhayon, Esoteric Teachings & Revelations, p.573
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